The drinking water in the United States is among the safest in the entire world, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Even so, our drinking water can still contain contaminants. Some of the specific germs found in water include Hepatitis A, Giardia intestinalis, and E. coli. Because of this, you need to arrange for residential water treatment regularly to remove any disease-causing agents and hard water deposits. Residential water treatment may consist of one or more of the following:
- Disinfection: After filtering the water, a technician may add a disinfectant such as chlorine to kill bacteria, parasites, and viruses that may be present in the water before piping it into your home.
- Flocculation and Coagulation: This residential water treatment involves adding positively charged chemicals to the water. The positive charge of the chemicals neutralizes dirt and other contaminants present in the water. That is because the chemicals bind to the particles and create a large type of chemical called floc that can be easily removed.
- Filtration: After the floc has formed and settled at the bottom of the supply of water, the clearer water towards the top passes through various filters. These may be composed of charcoal, gravel, or sand and the pore size may vary considerably. This process removes the dissolved particles of bacteria, chemicals, dust, and viruses.
- Sedimentation: This is the process during residential water treatment when the floc sinks to the bottom of the water supply because of its weight. It can be removed easily once it settles in.
Other Types of Residential Water Treatment
Lime and scale build-up and corrosion can cause significant hardening of your water. You will likely notice this when you take a shower, wash your clothes, or wash your dishes. The hard water deposits leave spots on dishes, make clothes feel uncomfortable, and leave you feeling not as clean and refreshed as you had hoped after taking a shower. Additionally, hard water causes corrosion in your heating pipes. This makes them less efficient, requiring more frequent repairs and earlier replacement than necessary. A residential water treatment with a water conditioner can improve all these problems. Here are some of the most common ones:
- Humidifier applications: This procedure helps to control scale as well as extend the evaporative media life and reduce the need for maintenance.
- Main line applications: A main line application is a type of residential water treatment that dissolves the formation of existing scale and protects your home’s plumbing system from build-up in the future. This enables equal water pressure in all areas of your home. Even when you reduce the amount of detergent that you add to your dishwasher and wash machine, they will perform better than they did before the application.
- Solar heater applications: This process control corrosion and scale that may be present on heating surfaces such as controls, collectors, lines, and valves. It helps to maximize equipment performance as well as thermal transfer.
- Water heater applications: This will loosen and soften any existing build-up present in your water and protect it from accumulation in the future. You will need to flush the system on a regular schedule to loosen mud and scale from the bottom of the water heater tank. This is the best thing you can do to prolong the life of your water heater.
These are just some common examples of a residential water treatment you can have performed. You should contact a water conditioner company to learn about more services.